Even before they are born, babies are in constant movement; however, once they are born it is your job to help them acquire the motor skills that will allow them to grow and become independent persons. This skill will help them to know the world and achieve their cognitive development.
Psychomotricity comes from two words: psycho that refers to psyche (thought, emotion) and motricity that refers to mobility (movement and consequently motor development). Psychomotricity is a discipline that studies and takes part in motor development, linked with thought and emotions. Psychomotricity has two qualities: to generate movement and to do it at will.
Some activities strengthen these mobility skills; however, we must understand the difference between gross and fine psychomotricity:
These are movements related to large muscles, such as legs and arms. Some of these activities include running, jumping, or throwing objects. They imply the capacity to control and balance the body.
These acts involve hand and finger skills, such as grabbing or separating small objects.
Both psychomotor skills are important. For gross psychomotor skills, experts recommend carrying out more physical contact activities, while for fine psychomotor skills, they recommend using tools —such as small toys— and carrying out meticulous activities. Hereunder, you can find some example of gross and fine psychomotor skills:
Coloring and cutting: This is an extraordinary activity for the development of fine motor skills, because children must stay within the silhouette when coloring an object. Children must be very careful when they cut an object, or they will ruin it. [FINE MOTOR SKILLS]
Building towers using blocks: Children love this game and they can work their pincer grasp and eye-hand coordination. [FINE MOTOR SKILLS]
Painting: Whether children use a brush or their fingers, their manual dexterity will be strengthened. They have a higher control of brushes as tools and this activity enhances their sensitivity to textures. [FINE MOTOR SKILLS]
Free-style dancing: Join your child, moving your head, shoulders, knees, and hands dancing to any music genre. This drives gross motor skills. [GROSS MOTOR SKILLS]
Jumping: Whether using a mini trampoline or jumping from one place to the other, this activity strengthens muscles, sharpens coordination, and favors accuracy. [GROSS MOTOR SKILLS]
The way you engage with your children and the guidance that you give them are important if the interactive game is to result in better motor skills.
SOURCES: Guía de estimulación y psicomotricidad en la educación inicial published by Consejo Nacional del fomento Educativo — Ministry of Education (SEP, Mexico); National Library of Medicine (USA); and Ministry of Health (Mexico).